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Alcohol consumption can trigger changes in the structure and operation of the blossoming brain, which continues to develop into an individual’s mid 20s, and it may have consequences reaching far beyond teenage years.

In adolescence, brain development is defined by remarkable modifications to the brain’s structure, neuron connectivity (“electrical wiring”), and physiology. These transformations in the brain affect everything from emerging sexuality to emotionality and judgment.

Not all parts of the adolescent brain mature at the same time, which might put an adolescent at a disadvantage in certain situations. For example, the limbic areas of the brain mature quicker than the frontal lobes. The limbic areas control feelings and are related to a juvenile’s reduced sensitivity to risk. The frontal lobes are responsible for self-control, judgment, reasoning, analytic skills, and impulse control. Variations in maturation amongst parts of the brain can lead to impulsive decisions or acts and a disregard for consequences.

How Alcohol Affects the Human Brain
Alcohol disturbs a juvenile’s brain development in several ways. The effects of juvenile alcohol consumption on specific brain functions are summarized below.

Alcohol is a central nervous system sedative. Alcohol can appear to be a stimulant because, initially, it depresses the part of the brain that governs inhibitions.

CEREBRAL CORTEX– Alcohol slows down the cortex as it processes details from an individual’s senses.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM– When an individual thinks of something he wants his body to undertake, the central nervous system– the brain and the spinal cord– sends a signal to that part of the physical body. Alcohol reduces the central nervous system, making the individual think, communicate, and move less quickly.

FRONTAL LOBES – The brain’s frontal lobes are essential for planning, forming concepts, making decisions, and employing self-discipline.

When alcohol impairs the frontal lobes of the brain, an individual may find it tough to manage his or her feelings and impulses. drinking might act without thinking or might even get violent. Consuming alcohol over a long period of time can damage the frontal lobes permanently.

HIPPOCAMPUS– The hippocampus is the part of the brain in which memories are generated.
When alcohol gets to the hippocampus, a person might have difficulty recollecting a thing he or she just learned, such as a name or a telephone number. This can occur after just one or two drinks.
Drinking a lot of alcohol rapidly can cause a blackout– not being able to remember whole happenings, such as what he or she did the night before.
If drinking damages the hippocampus, an individual might find it difficult to learn and to hang on to knowledge.

CEREBELLUM– The cerebellum is very important for coordination, ideas, and focus. When alcohol gets in the cerebellum, a person may have trouble with these abilities. After consuming alcohol, an individual’s hands might be so shaky that they cannot touch or grab things normally, and they may lose their balance and tumble.

HYPOTHALAMUS– The hypothalamus is a little part of the brain that does a fantastic variety of the body’s housekeeping tasks. Alcohol upsets the operation of the hypothalamus. After an individual drinks alcohol, blood pressure, hunger, being thirsty, and the impulse to urinate intensify while body temperature and heart rate decline.

MEDULLA– The medulla controls the physical body’s unconscious actions, like an individual’s heartbeat. It also keeps the body at the right temperature. Alcohol actually chills the body. Drinking a lot of alcohol outdoors in cold weather can cause a person’s body temperature to drop below its normal level. This dangerous situation is knowned as hypothermia.

A person may have trouble with these abilities once alcohol gets in the cerebellum. After consuming alcohol, an individual’s hands might be so tremulous that they can’t touch or get hold of things normally, and they may fail to keep their balance and fall.

After an individual addiction -to-alcohol/“> alcoholic beverages alcohol, blood pressure, appetite, thirst, and the desire to urinate increase while body temperature and heart rate decline.

Alcohol actually chills the body. Drinking a lot of alcohol outdoors in cold weather conditions can cause an individual’s physical body temperature to drop below normal.

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